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North American Regional Action Plan on Chlordane
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June 1997

Objective

The objective of this North American Regional Action Plan (NARAP) on chlordane is to reduce the exposure of humans and the environment to chlordane through the phase-out of existing registered uses.

Guiding Principle

This NARAP supports:

  • an integrated, cost-effective strategy for the control of termites in Mexico that builds upon the knowledge and experience gained in other jurisdictions;
  • ongoing and new cooperative activities to achieve the goals of Canada, Mexico, and the United States under this NARAP;
  • partnerships with industry, public interest groups and international organizations in Canada, Mexico and the United States for NARAP implementation;
  • a regional perspective that encourages involvement of other Caribbean and Latin America countries and sharing experiences with them; and
  • participation in and building upon related global initiatives.

Rationale

Chlordane is a persistent pesticide that has, in the past, been widely used for the control of insect pests in crops and forests, as well as in domestic and industrial applications, including the control of termites in wood and wood products. Chlordane is a persistent, toxic, bioaccumulative substance that is transported long distances through the atmosphere. The 114 member countries of the Intergovernmental Forum on Chemical Safety (IFCS) agreed that there was sufficient evidence to warrant international action on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPS), including chlordane (IFCS/Forum-II/97). This was the basis for a decision of the Governing Council of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) (January 1997) to the effect that a legally binding international instrument for the control of POPs be developed. This NARAP is intended as a basis for a coordinated, regional contribution to these international initiatives.

Chlordane is no longer registered for use in Canada and the United States and its use in Mexico is limited to urban applications for the control of termites. The chemical is not manufactured in Canada or Mexico, but only by a single manufacturer in the United States which has indicated that it will cease production of chlordane. The chlordane used in Mexico (approximately 45 tonnes of technical product per year) is imported from the United States.

This NARAP was developed by the three Parties to the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), working with the Secretariat of the (North American) Commission for Environmental Cooperation (CEC), in accordance with Resolution #95-05 on the Sound Management of Chemicals which was agreed to by the Council of the CEC. It could serve as a guide for action for other countries in Latin America or in other regions and be supportive of global initiatives.

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